In psychology and psychiatry, cognitive therapy is "a direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior." It is also commonly called cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).
It is the standard of psychotherapeutic care for a number of conditions, including post-traumatic stress disorder and depression. Many conditions benefit from combined cognitive psychotherapy and psychopharmacologic drug treatment.
Still based on the idea of response to situations, but using less verbal interventions such as visual or tactile stimuli, are investigational but promising methods such as eye motion desensitization reprocessing (EMDR) and emotional freedom technique.
- Anonymous (2022), Cognitive therapy (English). Medical Subject Headings. U.S. National Library of Medicine.
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