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- See also changes related to Consonant, or pages that link to Consonant or to this page or whose text .
- Linguistics : The scientific study of language.
- Language (general) : A type of communication system, commonly used in linguistics, computer science and other fields to refer to different systems, including 'natural language' in humans, programming languages run on computers, and so on. A wider definition of language - what counts as a language and what doesn't - is a difficult philosophical topic, deserving an article in its own right.
- Phonetics : Study of speech sounds and their perception, production, combination, and description.
- Articulatory phonetics : Add brief definition or description
- Acoustic phonetics : Add brief definition or description
- Auditory phonetics : Add brief definition or description
- Phonology : In linguistics, the study of the system used to represent language, including sounds in spoken language and hand movements in sign language.
- Aspiration : Add brief definition or description
- Voicing (linguistics) : Either the physical production of vibration by the vocal folds as part of articulation, or the potential phonological distinction this allows, i.e. the distinct difference between units such as [b] and [p] in many languages.
- Vocal cords : Mucous membranes over the larynx that contribute to the production of sound in mammals.
- Vowel : Speech sound with relatively unhindered airflow; different vowels are articulated mainly through tongue movements at the palatal and velar regions of the mouth, and are usually voiced (i.e. involve vocal fold movement).
- Syllable : Unit of organisation in phonology that divides speech sounds or sign language movements into groups to which phonological rules may apply.
- Nasalization : Add brief definition or description
- Pronunciation : Add brief definition or description
- Spoken language : An example of language produced using some of the articulatory organs, e.g. the mouth, vocal folds or lungs, or intended for production by these organs; alternatively, the entire act of communicating verbally - what people mean or intend, the words they use, their accent, intonation and so on.
- Written language : The communication and representation of a language by means of a writing system.
- Letter (alphabet) : Symbol in an alphabetic script, usually denoting one or more phonemes; for example, in the English alphabet the letter <a> can represent the phoneme /æ/ as in mat and /eɪ/ as in mate.