David Hogarth

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David George Hogarth (1862-1927) was a British archaeologist specializing in the Middle East. While he was well known for his research, and became a Fellow of the Royal Society, his most lasting effects may well have been as mentor to Gertrude Bell and T. E. Lawrence, and as a political intelligence specialist for Britain.

His archaeological responsibilities included heading the Ashmolean Museum; he was an expert in pottery.

Lawrence said of Hogarth, "He is the man to whom I owe everything I have had since I was seventeen."[1] He was 45 when he met Lawrence, and was a Fellow at Magdalen, had been the director of the British School of Archaeology at Athens, correspondent for the Times, and considered himself a patriot "in it neither for pay nor honours."[2]

While at Oxford, Gertrude Bell developed a lifelong friendship with Janet Hogarth, David's younger sister. [3] In 1915, he recruited her for the Military Intelligence office in Cairo, a human-source intelligence and intelligence analysis office he headed, reporting to Admiral Reginald Hall. [4]


  1. The Letters of T.E. Shaw, No. 347.
  2. Phillip Knightley and Colin Simpson (1971), The Secret Lives of Lawrence of Arabia, Bantam, pp. 16-17
  3. Janet Wallach (1999), Desert Queen, Anchor Books, Random House, ISBN 1400096197, p. 22
  4. Wallach, p. 145