Death of God theology
In 1887, the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche declared the death of God. In the twentieth century, a number of theologians and philosophers tried to recreate Christianity "post-God", starting with Honest to God, a 1963 book by John Robinson, the Bishop of Woolwich. This was followed by many others, including Don Cupitt and his Sea of Faith movement, Thomas J. J. Altizer, Paul van Buren and Gabriel Vahanian. The death of God movement was prominently featured on the cover of Time Magazine on April 8, 1966 with the provocative title "Is God Dead?" on the cover.
Since then, a variety of movements in theology have seen the Death of God movement as foundational: discussions of "post-Christianity", postmodern Christianity/postmodern theology and the emerging church movement.
- In The Gay Science, Nietzsche writes of a "madman" who descends on a market square to proclaim: "Where has God gone? I shall tell you. We have killed him - you and I. We are all his murderers... God is dead. That which was holiest and mightiest of all that the world has yet possessed has bled to death under our knives. There has never been a greater deed."