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In medicine, dysuria is a symptom of "painful urination. It is often associated with infections of the lower urinary tract."[1] Dysuria may also be caused by urethritis and vaginitis.[2]


The best symptoms and physical examination findings for diagnosis in women have been identified in a systematic review by the Rational Clinical Examination.[3]

  • The presence of vaginal discharge or vaginal irritation increase the probability that dysuria is due to vaginitis and reduce the probability that dysuria is due to urinary tract infection.


  1. Anonymous (2023), Dysuria (English). Medical Subject Headings. U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  2. Berg AO, Heidrich FE, Fihn SD, et al (February 1984). "Establishing the cause of genitourinary symptoms in women in a family practice. Comparison of clinical examination and comprehensive microbiology". JAMA 251 (5): 620–5. PMID 6690835[e]
  3. Bent S, Nallamothu BK, Simel DL, Fihn SD, Saint S (2002). "Does this woman have an acute uncomplicated urinary tract infection?". JAMA 287 (20): 2701–10. PMID 12020306[e]