Harry M. Orlinsky (1908-1992) was the Effie Wise Ochs Professor of Biblical Literature at Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion. Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, the founder of the Jewish Institute asked him, in 1943, to join the faculty of the New Uork Institute, which merged in 1950 with Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati to form Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion.
He was the only Jewish religious scholar invited to participate in two Christian Bible translation efforts,the 1952 Revised Standard Version of the Bible, the official Bible of the Protestant movement in America. For the New Revised Standard in 1990, the group added Orthodox and Roman Catholic members.
His doctorate was from from Dropsie University in Philadelphia. He was a fellow at Hebrew University in Jerusalem in the mid-1930's and then, until 1944, a professor at Baltimore Hebrew College.
He was a signatory of the open letter to the New York Times, which attacked, condemning Menachem Begin and his nationalistic Herut party, especially for the treatment of the indigenous Arabs at Deir Yassin by Herut’s predecessor Irgun. 
He also was a past president of the Society of Biblical Literature and was a founder and past president of the International Organization for Septuagint and Cognate Studies and of the International Organization for Masoretic Studies.
- Wolfgang Saxon (24 March 1992), "Dr. Harry Orlinsky, 84, Professor Specializing in Biblical Literature", New York Times
- Isidore Abramowitz, Hannah Arendt, Abraham Brick, Jessurun Cardozo, Albert Einstein, Herman Eisem, Hayim Fineman, M. Gallen, H. H. Harris, Zelig Harris, Sidney Hook, Fred Karush, Bruria Kaufman, Irma Lindheim, Nachman Maisel, Seymour Melman, Myer Mendelson, Harry Orlinsky, Samuel Pitlick, Fritz Rohrlick, Fritz Rohrlich, Louis Rocker, Ruth Sagis, Itzhak Sankowsky, I. J. Schoenberg, Irma Wolfe, Stefan Wolfe (2 December 1948), "Letter to the Editor: New Palestine Party Visit of Menachem Begin and Aims of Political Movement Discussed", New York Times