J. Scott Gration

From Citizendium
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This article is developing and not approved.
Main Article
Related Articles  [?]
Bibliography  [?]
External Links  [?]
Citable Version  [?]
This editable Main Article is under development and subject to a disclaimer.

Since 2009, J. Scott Gration has been the U.S. Special Envoy to Sudan. He is a retired major general in the United States Air Force, who spent his childhood with his missionary parents in Kenya and the Democratic Republic of Congo. He was a campaign adviser to Hillary Clinton and then campaign national security adviser to Barack Obama.


He summarized, in an October 2010 press briefing, what he saw as the major issues before the 9 January 2011 referendum to decide if South Sudan separates from the current Government of Sudan. [1]

  • Between now and the start of registration in mid-November, the Southern Sudanese Referendum Commission must finalize voter registration procedures, it must hire and train and deploy over 10,000 registration workers. The voter registration materials, which should be delivered into Sudan in the next few days, must be distributed to all the registration sites. In addition, domestic and international monitors must be positioned to oversee this process, to guard against manipulation.
  • Border demarcation between North and South Sudan
  • The disputed border area of Abyei." the parties have so far been unable to agree on who should be eligible to vote in this referendum." After additional talks with the US mediating. Some, but not all issues were resolved. "The next round of talks is scheduled to begin at the end of this month in Ethiopia and they'll be convened by President of South Africa Thabo Mbeki, the chairman of the African Union's High-Level Implementation Panel.

In May 2010, he visited Sudan and Ethiopia. [2] While in Khartoum, he met with United Nations personnel, third-party diplomats, and staff from member countries of the Assessment and Evaluation Commission, a body charged with implementation by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). He continued to meet, in Juba, with the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) and the Government of Southern Sudan. In Nyala, regional capital of Darfur, he saw t United Nations/African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) officials. During his visit to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, he met with African Union personnel.

Organizations he has briefed include the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee.[3]


After retiring and before becoming involved in politics, he was Chief Executive Officer of Millennium Villages, involved in poverty elimination. He then became part of the Safe Water Network, which works in India, Bangladesh, and Ghana.

Air Force

During his early years in the Air Force, General Gration served as an F-5 and F-16 instructor pilot, including a two-year assignment with the Kenya Air Force. His staff positions included tours in the Pentagon and NATO, and a White House Fellowship. In 1995, he took command 4404th Operations Group in Saudi Arabia, where he was in command during the 1996 Khobar Towers bombing. In 1996 he was transferred to Turkey to oversee Operation Northern Watch, enforcing a no-fly zone over Iraq.

In 2000 and 2001 General Gration was Deputy Director for Operations in the Joint Staff in Washington and then spent a year and a half as Director of Regional Affairs for the Deputy Undersecretary of the Air Force for International Affairs. From January to June 2003, he commanded Joint Task Force-West during Operation Iraqi Freedom. In August 2003 he was appointed Assistant Deputy Undersecretary of the Air Force for International Affairs, and from June 2004 to October 2006, he served as Director, Strategy, Plans, and Policy Directorate of United States European Command. [4]


  • Languages: Swahili
  • MA, Georgetown University, National Security Studies
  • BS, Rutgers University, Mechanical Engineering

Early life