Noam Chomsky/Related Articles
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- 9-11 conspiracy theory : Theories about the attacks on September 11, 2001 that presume foreknowledge or participation of the U.S. Government.
- Applied linguistics : The application of linguistic theories to practical issues and problems, such as language learning.
- Corpus linguistics : The study of language as expressed in samples (corpora) or 'real world' text.
- Creole (language) : Native language, such as Haitian Creole, which under most definitions originated as a pidgin (a rudimentary language without native speakers, created by at least two groups of speakers as a contact language. i.e. to allow immediate communication) but became as complex as any other language through being acquired by children as a first language.
- Creolistics : The study of creole and pidgin languages.
- First language acquisition : Study of the processes through which humans acquire language, specifically first languages, which studies infants' acquisition of their native language.
- Generative linguistics : School of thought within linguistics that makes use of the concept of a generative grammar.
- Language acquisition : The study of how language comes to users of first and second languages.
- Lexicon : Complete set of vocabulary units for a language, including information on their structural specifications (semantic, morphological, syntactic and phonological properties, plus how they inter-relate); also, the mental representation of this lexical knowledge and, in casual usage, a synonym for vocabulary. The word is also common in the titles of dictionaries of Arabic, Aramaic/Syriac, ancient Greek and Hebrew.
- Linguistics : The scientific study of language.
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology : A private research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts with a strong emphasis on scientific and technological research.
- Nativism (psychology) : theory that certain traits of a species emerge from a mind that is already prepared for its environment, e.g. the language ability is not learned but 'acquired' due to innate processes.
- Phoneme : Theoretical unit of language that can distinguish words or syllables, such as /b/ versus /m/; often considered the smallest unit of language, but is a transcription convention rather than a true unit in most models of phonology since the 1960s.
- Phonology : In linguistics, the study of the system used to represent language, including sounds in spoken language and hand movements in sign language.
- Politics : Activity that relates to the way in which society is governed, and the process by which human beings living in communities make decisions and establish obligatory values for its members.
- Psycholinguistics : Study of the psychological and neurobiological factors that enable humans to acquire, use, comprehend and produce language.
- Psychology : The study of systemic properties of the brain and their relation to behaviour.
- Speech Recognition : The ability to recognize and understand human speech, especially when done by computers.
- Syllable : Unit of organisation in phonology that divides speech sounds or sign language movements into groups to which phonological rules may apply.
- Syntax (linguistics) : The study of the rules, or 'patterned relations', that govern the way words combine to form phrases and phrases to form sentences.
- The Sound Pattern of English : A landmark work on the rules of English phonology by Noam Chomsky and Morris Halle, which importantly rejected the phoneme as a true phonological unit; subsequently built upon by other analyses that recognised the syllable and other units of prosodic organisation.