Reconstructive surgery

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When congenital anomalies (birth defects) are severe, or when trauma has caused obvious deformity, then surgical improvement of appearance is not called cosmetic surgery, but is classed as a reconstructive procedure. In many countries, reconstructive surgery will be covered by private insurance or government health plans. Cosmetic surgery, on the other hand, is generally considered a luxury that requires payment out of pocket.

Although an improved appearance is often the result of recontructive surgery, Among surgeons doing plastic work, the reconstructive surgeon hold a place of honor and the performance of reconstructive surgery holds a place of pride. (Menick FJ. "If you've got the money, honey, I've got the time--if you've got no more money, honey, I've got no more time". [Editorial] Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery. 118(2):549-50, 2006 Aug. UI: 16874234)


Facial fractures

Extremity trauma reconstruction

The severed finger or toe

The severed hand or foot

Genital trauma reconstruction

Torso trauma reconstruction

Abdominal trauma reconstruction

Neck trauma reconstruction



Caustics and chemical burns