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- Air refueling : Transferring fuel from one aircraft to another while both are in flight.
- Amphibious warfare : The set of techniques, equipment, specialized units, and methods of training needed to move troops across water, and deliver them to land, ready for immediate combat.
- Anti-aircraft artillery : A general term for guns that can elevate to high angles and shoot accurately at aircraft, using visual, electro-optical, or radar guidance.
- Attack cargo ship : A WWII-era U.S. Navy ship designed specifically to carry heavy equipment, supplies and troops in support of amphibious assaults, and to provide naval gunfire support during those assaults.
- Automatic Identification System : A system, aboard ships and boats, that combines marine radio transmitters and receivers, Global Navigation Satellite System receivers, and computer control into a self-organizing, mobile network in which vessels are inform nearby traffic, potential collision hazards, and navigational information
- Buoyancy : The upward force exerted on an object that is partially or completely immersed in a fluid having a density that is higher than the density of the object.
- Cargo cult : A group of social movements that began in Melanesia in the late nineteenth century which believe that manufactured goods, including canned goods, airplanes, and automobiles, were created by spirits or ancestors of Melanesian people.
- Christening : Observances surrounding the welcoming of children into the Christian faith.
- Combat loading : A method of loading cargo into ships that will carry it to amphibious landing sites, such that can be unloaded in a manner optimized to meet the operational needs of combat rather than maximizing the utilization of the ship's cargo space
- Commercial fishing : The harvesting of edible marine life on a commercial basis, usually using purpose-built vessels and equipment
- Digital selective calling : A method to address specific marine radios or groups of vessels, and to send a distress signal, including the vessel's location if the radio is connected to a GPS receiver
- Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon : Intended for search and rescue of ships and boats, this is a beacon that will float free of a sinking vessel, and broadcast a position report, preferably with GPS, to a worldwide cluster of monitoring satellites.
- Global Maritime Distress and Safety System : Mandated by the Safety of Life at Sea convention of the International Maritime Organization system of digital radio and other systems for ships to receive alerts and signal search and rescue organizations when they are in distress.
- International Maritime Organization : The United Nations agency responsible for avoiding pollution from ships, and implementing the Safety of Life at Sea convention
- International law : The formal conduct of interactions between nation-states, both at the national level and on behalf of their citizens; generally accepted as first formalized by Hugo Grotius.
- Landing craft : A boat or other self-propelled watercraft, carried aboard a ship, intended for amphibious warfare or similar operations where landings at a prepared seaport are not practical. Such a craft may discharge troops or equipment on the beach, or may be capable of independent movement on land.
- Littoral (military) : In a military context, waterways where relatively light shore-based weapons are potential threats, and in water shallow enough to change the "blue ocean" techniques for submarine warfare.
- Marine Air-Ground Task Force : The basic structure of United States Marine Corps combined arms, task-organized units
- Marine navigation : A term including the literal process of navigation, or finding position and course, but of the overall process of safe operation of a water vessel, such as avoiding collisions
- Navy : A military force organized primarily for missions on, under, or above bodies of water
- Prepositioning ship : Military cargo ships, normally in squadrons of several vessels, that are prepositioned at secure forward locations, in order to speed delivery of sustainment supplies to the initial forces landed by air or from combat amphibious warfare ships.
- Safety of Life at Sea : International convention defining safety requirements for ships
- Strait of Malacca : One of the world's busiest waterways, passing Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand, where piracy has been a major problem
- United Nations : An international organization that was founded in 1945 with the mission of preventing international war, protecting human rights, supporting social progress and justice, and helping with economic progress.
- United States Marine Corps : Add brief definition or description
- United States Transportation Command : Add brief definition or description
- Warship : Add brief definition or description