Difference between revisions of "RNA"

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[[Image:RNA base vs DNA base.jpg|right|thumb|350px|{{#ifexist:Template:RNA base vs DNA base.jpg/credit|{{RNA base vs DNA base.jpg/credit}}<br/>|}}Ribose ring difference between RNA and DNA.]]  
[[Image:RNA base vs DNA base.jpg|right|thumb|350px|{{#ifexist:Template:RNA base vs DNA base.jpg/credit|{{RNA base vs DNA base.jpg/credit}}<br/>|}}Ribose ring difference between RNA and DNA.]]  


'''Ribonucleic Acid''', or '''RNA''' is a [[polymer]] made of only the [[nucleotides]] [[adenine]], [[cytosine]], [[guanonsine]] and [[uracil]], that is used for a variety of biological functions in living systems. In [[cell (biology)|cells]], it is primarily involved the creation of [[protein|proteins]] based the [[genetic code]] stored in [[DNA]].  The primary difference between RNA and DNA is the 2-doubleprime-substituent of the ribose sugar unit.  In RNA it is a hydroxyl group (OH), and in DNA it is a proton (thus the deoxy- naming of DNA).  The other difference is that uracil is used in place of thymine that is used in DNA.
'''Ribonucleic Acid''', or '''RNA''', is a nucleic acid [[polymer]] made using the nucleotides of adenosine, guanosine, uridine and cytidine, that is used for a variety of biological functions in living systems. In [[cell (biology)|cells]], it is primarily involved the creation of [[protein|proteins]] based the [[genetic code]] stored in [[DNA]].  The primary difference between RNA and DNA is the 2-doubleprime-substituent of the ribose sugar unit.  In RNA it is a hydroxyl group (OH), and in DNA it is a proton (thus the deoxy- naming of DNA).  The other difference is that uracil is used in place of thymine that is used in DNA.


==Types of RNA==
==Types of RNA==

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(CC) Image: David E. Volk
Ribose ring difference between RNA and DNA.

Ribonucleic Acid, or RNA, is a nucleic acid polymer made using the nucleotides of adenosine, guanosine, uridine and cytidine, that is used for a variety of biological functions in living systems. In cells, it is primarily involved the creation of proteins based the genetic code stored in DNA. The primary difference between RNA and DNA is the 2-doubleprime-substituent of the ribose sugar unit. In RNA it is a hydroxyl group (OH), and in DNA it is a proton (thus the deoxy- naming of DNA). The other difference is that uracil is used in place of thymine that is used in DNA.

Types of RNA

Messenger RNA

In cells, messenger RNA (or mRNA) is transcribed from a DNA template in the cell nucleus. Unnecessary pieces of the strand, called introns, are spliced out before the mRNA goes to the ribosome, where its sequence is read to create a protein.

Ribosomal RNA

Ribosomal RNA (or rRNA) is synthesized in the nucleolus, a small organelle within the nucleus, where it is formed into the main subunits of the ribosome.

Transfer RNA

Amino acids are brought to the ribosome by small, specially-folded strands of RNA, called transfer RNA (or tRNA). A specific amino-acid-carrying tRNA molecule "reads" the code on the mRNA, bringing in the appropriate amino acid.

See Also